Guide to keeping well

Making small changes to your lifestyle can help reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the future. Cardiovascular disease includes conditions such as coronary heart disease (angina and heart attack) and stroke. Find British Heart Foundation definitions of cardiovascular diseases. Even if you have already been diagnosed with some form of heart disease, making changes to your current lifestyle and daily habits can reduce your risk of developing further problems.

Health benefits for you

The advice on these pages will reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease and may have other positive impacts, including:

  • weight loss
  • lowering your blood pressure and cholesterol
  • reducing your risk of developing diabetes.

Some risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease are unavoidable, such as age, sex, family history or where you live. However the following lifestyle choices and risk factors can greatly increase your chances of developing cardiovascular disease. So visit the link next to each one for easy ways to help improve your health:

All-round health advice

  • Easy ways to change your diet and get more active: Take Life On
  • Keeping your heart healthy with the British Heart Foundation: British Heart Foundation. provides information and resources aimed specifically at helping you reduce your heart health risk. Their website contains guidance and helpful tips on preventing cardiovascular disease.
  • General health queries: NHS24 provides you with lots of useful information about your health, including a self-help guide with advice and information on how to look after yourself, plus a health library.

Physical Activity

Taking part in moderate intensity physical activity for 30 minutes five days a week can help reduce your risk of developing heart disease. This includes walking, swimming, cycling, playing sport, exercising, gardening or even going out and playing with your kids in the garden.

  • Find activities in your area, have fun and feel good: Our Borders Community Activity Directory can help you choose an activity, with opportunities suitable for all abilities and tastes, ranging from archery to yoga. All activities are in Scotland.

Healthy Eating

The food you eat makes a big difference to the health of your heart. By choosing to eat a diet that is high in fruit and vegetables, high in fibre, and low in salt and fat, particularly saturated fat, you can reduce your risk of developing heart disease.

Easy healthy recipes


Excess alcohol can lead to a number of health problems, and as it is high in calories, it may cause you to put on weight.

Recommendations to help you manage your drinking:

  • men should not regularly drink more than three to four units of alcohol per day
  • women should not regularly drink more than two to three units of alcohol per day
  • You should try to take at least two alcohol-free days a week to give your body a break

How much is a unit of alcohol?

  • 1 unit is half a pint of standard strength beer, lager or cider, or a 25ml measure of spirit
  • a standard glass of wine (175ml) is about 2 units
  • alcopops are about 1.5 units.

Alcohol Scotlandis an interactive website that provides useful information and advice about alcohol and uncovers some myths and truths about your drinking habits. You’ll also find some useful tools including a ‘booze quiz’ and a drink diary which can help you keep track of your drinking easily.

Stress and Wellbeing

Having too much stress in your life is not good for your health. Stress itself is not a direct risk factor for developing heart disease, but if you do have heart disease and are experiencing feelings of anxiety or are under lots of stress, it may bring on symptoms like angina.

If you often feel stressed or anxious, it is important to learn how to relax. There is plenty you can do yourself to manage stress and anxiety.

  • Steps for Stress: provides practical ways for you to deal with stress. The website also includes steps you can take to control the stress in your life.